Summer Course 2004

Brussels


As from 1999 the European Academy of Legal Theory is organising a Summer Course in legal theory. This course lasts three weeks, from the last week of August till mid September. It aims at presenting the main schools and discussions in legal theory to lawyers or law students who lacked to a large extent legal theory in their legal education. It combines lectures with recommended readings and discussions on topics of current interest.

PROGRAMME

1. Lectures on various topics (2,5 hours each)


Hereafter, the title and content of the lectures on specific topics are given in the language which will be used for teaching (English or French). Between brackets the scheduled date and starting hour of these lectures is mentioned. As a rule, teaching hours will be 10.00 a.m. till 12.30 noon (including time for questions and discussion), on Mondays, Tuesdays, Thurs­days and Fridays, during the three weeks and 2.30 p.m. till 5.00 p.m. on the afternoons during the first week.

These lectures are meant to be basic. No preliminary reading of texts is required.

Yves CARTUYVELS: Naissance de la justice pénale internationale en contexte de mondialisation (26.8 - 14.30)

Les paradigmes du droit pénal moderne sont associés depuis le XVIIIe siècle à la structure de l’Etat. L’émergence de la mondialisation vient aujourd’hui bousculer ce cadre, ce dont témoigne l’émergence d’une justice pénale internationale pour sanctionner les « crimes contre l’humanité ». A partir du procès de 4 rwandais qui s’est déroulé à Bruxelles en mai-juin 2000, c’est aux principaux enjeux de cette évolution que l’on réfléchira.


Christophe EBERHARD: Towards an intercultural Legal Theory - Perspectives from the Anthropology of Law (6.9 - 10.00)

Contemporary debates about globalisation, governance and human rights make it more and more clear that the Western concept of Law has to take up the challenges of interculturalism. This is true on the one hand in the field of action. Negating cultural diversity has proved to hinder a successful transfer of Western legal institutions towards the rest of the world - taking into acount non-Western theories and practices thus appears increasingly paramount. The challenge of interculturalism also becomes more and more obvious in the field of theoretical research on law, as the Western character of the current paradigms appears more and more clearly. Anthropology of Law, one of whose aims it is to give a definition of "Law" through a comparison of our diverse cultural experiences can open useful paths to rethink our concept and praxis of Law.


René FOQUE: Judicial activism (2.9 - 10.00)

Much has been said and much has been written about the extensive and increasing use of judicial decision-making as an instrument of political, moral or socio-economic reform. Can the interpretative role of the judiciary bring the judge in the position of a (quasi)legislator ? How far can the judge go in the exercise of his discretion when he has to interpret the law in order to make the law more responsive to the changing context of society ? These questions will be analysed in the perspective of Montesquieu's classical theory of the balance of powers as a necessary condition for a moderate - democratic - legal order.


Benoît FRYDMAN: Internet Law (26.8 – 10.00)

Cette conférence présentera les modèles de régulation juridique de l'internet. On prendra pour base de réflexion la régulation des discours de haine dans un contexte marqué par l'opposition des régimes juridiques européen et américain.

 

Nidhi GUPTA: An Introduction to Feminist Legal Theory (6.9 – 10.00)

Feminist legal theory, as a movement, has seen many ups and downs before it could carve out its own distinctive and specific niche in the legal academics. This seminar is focussed at presenting a comprehensive review of the long journey of this movement. The aim is to bring forth the challenges within as well as the ones in front of this movement. During the discussions the attempt will also be to throw light on cross-cultural perspectives for the contemporary feminist legal theory.


Jean-Pierre KILENDA: Etat de droit et normes pénales: entre dogmatisme et pragmatisme (24.8 – 14.30)

Dégagés notamment par L. Fuller et rappelés par F. Ost, certains principes qui forment la substance de l’Etat de droit sont aujourd’hui mis à mal par un certain pragmatisme pénal lors du processus législatif répressif. Ici, la réflexion porte sur le point de savoir si ce pragmatisme est rationnel. Oeuvre-t-il pour la consolidation de l’Etat de droit ou, au contraire, le compromet-il au nom d’autres raisons inavouées ? L’homéostasie des règles de droit n’est-elle pas finalement régressive ? La violation justifiée, calculée, mathématiquement exacte et dosée desdits principes ne comble-t-elle pas en réalité un déficit de légalité mortifère à l’Etat de droit ?

Tels sont les questionnements qui requièrent une réponse à partir de l’analyse de quelques législations pénales modernes gagnées par le courant pragmatique dans la phase de la criminalisation primaire.


Christophe MINCKE: La médiation pénale: résoudre les conflits pénaux sans recours à l'autorité (24.8 – 10.00)

Les procédures de médiation bénéficient d'un engouement sans précédent dans tous les domaines du droit. Le droit pénal n'y échappe pas. On peut cependant s'interroger sur la signification de l'introduction en cette matière d'un mode de résolution des conflits qui fait largement l'économie de la référence à la loi. Assistons-nous à la naissance de modes non autoritaires de résolution des conflits pénaux? La question de la légitimité démocratique de l'intervention répressive se pose-t-elle dans le cas de la médiation pénale? Dans l'affirmative, qu'est-il fait pour la rencontrer?


Paolisa NEBBIA: Tradition and interpretation in law (31.8 – 10.00)

In investigating the nature of law, Krygier (1986) notes that any change - even a radical one- in legislation enters a continuing tradition which probably affected the way in which it was drafted and certainly will affect the ways in which it is read and applied. The lecture seeks to give an example, drawn from contract law, of the inescapability of tradition in drafting and interpreting law. More specifically, the lecture will examine how tradition has affected the implementation and the interpretation of EC Directive 93/13 in two countries where dramatic divergence in legal thinking, values, method, and in the perception of the role of judges in the society entailed, before the Directive, two substantially different forms of unfair terms control.


François OST: Droit et littérature. L'exemple du droit des contrats (27.8 – 10.00)

Le courant Droit et littérature représente une nouvelle manière, originale, de faire de la théorie du droit. Il est en plein développement, notamment aux Etats-Unis. Ce courant se propose d'explorer les différents types de rapport qui s'établissent entre le droit, la langue et la littérature (droit dans la littérature, droit et littérature, droit comme littérature, droit de la littérature). On se propose d'explorer un exemple de la première perspective à propos de la question du temps dans le contrat. Le point de départ de l'analyse sera fourni par l'étude du Marchand de Venise de Shakespeare et du Faust de Goethe.


Pierre-Arnaud PERROUTY: Désobéissance et démocratie (27.8 – 14.30)

Au départ de la prétention du droit à un caractère universel et obligatoire, on analysera le rapport dialectique entre obéissance et désobéissance à la loi: quelles sont les raisons qui fondent notre obéissance, quelles en sont les limites et quelles sont les tensions entre ces raisons et la liberté individuelle ? On pourra alors tenter de préciser le concept de désobéissance civile, d'en rechercher le fondement (juridique, moral, politique ?) et d'en évaluer la place au sein de la société démocratique.


Valentin PETEV: Justification of Legal Norms in a Pluralistic Society (10.9 – 10.00)

The justification of legal norms in a pluralistic society can only be provided by substantial moral reasons of the social actors concerned. Such a justification cannot be replaced by a procedural justification model. Neo-Pragmatics (H. Putnam, R.Rorty) and Discursive Ethics (J.Habermas) are analysed. According to a pure epistemic stance, legal norms are only valid if their content is acceptable by all persons affected by them, and this by everyone from the perspective of the others. On the contrary, it will be argued that legal norms are justified if prevailing axiological (socio-ethical) arguments are advanced in their favour. This occurs in political discourses and institutionalised legal procedures. The participants accept the result of discours and deliberation not only because it is yielded by rational arguments but also because it corresponds with the participants interests.


Xavier THUNIS: L'écriture du droit: tours et détours de la doctrine juridique (23.8 – 14.30)

La doctrine juridique utilise consciemment ou inconsciemment bon nombre de figures de style et de modes de raisonnement sur lesquels elle ne s'interroge plus assez tant ils sont habituels. Citations, notes de bas de page, titres, préfaces, comparaisons...., tous ces procédés ne sont pas neutres. Ils expriment un certain rapport de la doctrine juridique au langage, manifestent la façon dont elle construit son objet et la position particulière qu'elle occupe au sein de la communauté juridique. De nombreux exemples tirés de la production doctrinale( traités, thèses de doctorat, notes d'observations...) seront fournis à l'appui d'analyses plus théoriques et méthodologiques.


Mark VAN HOECKE: European Legal Integration (30.8 – 10.00)

Some theoretical problems of comparative law, as related to the harmonisation of private law in Europe, will be discussed. It will be shown how an insight into traditional problems of legal theory (definition and structure of legal systems, nature and structure of norms, etc.) is needed for the discussion on such a process of legal integration. This will be followed by a brief discussion of the different possible roads towards a harmonisation of private law in Europe (legal science or legal practice, legislation or judge made law, etc..).


Luc WINTGENS: Law and religion. From foundation to interaction (3.9 – 10.00)

This seminar focuses on the idea that law is said to be originating in morality and religion, c.q. a religious morality. Secularisation of law and morality includes that the theological foundations are cut of. The vocabulary, however, of religion, is kept intact and serves in our current thought-patterns as points of reference to a reality that is not believed in any more. Despite this loss of faith, the vocabulary of canon law and theology is kept alive in our legal vocabulary. This causes some problems of interpretation, on which attention will we drawn.


Ahmed ZIAUDDIN: Law on Revolution (9.9 – 10.00)

The lecture will start with brief reviews of general principles on norms, hierarchy of norms, basic norms, etc. This will then be followed by a general introduction to the breakdown of legal orders, either through revolution or otherwise, and to how the process has to be resolved in law. A number of concrete examples of revolution or breakdown will be used to illustrate the principles and problems involved.

2. General overview lectures (24 hours)

Topical lectures are complemented by a series of lectures that offer a general overview of schools, authors and discussions in twentieth century legal theory. These lectures will be taught by Frank Fleerackers and will take place in the afternoon in the 2nd and 3rd week (2.30 - 4.00 and 4.30 - 6.00 p.m., every working day).

The teaching language will be English.

The purpose of the course is to provide a general overview of the field of jurisprudence in 20th century. Therefore, its focus on general problems (definition, scope and methods of legal theory; natural law and positivism; legalism), specific fields and schools (the Pure Theory of Law, American and Scandinavian Realism, Critical Legal Studies, Law and Economics, argumentation and legitimation) as well as on the work of leading scholars in jurisprudence (including Kelsen, Hart, Dworkin, Raz, Aarnio, Alexy, e.a.)

3. Special sessions

Special sessions will be organised for introducing the participants into research in the field of legal theory, including the use of Internet and databases. A social programme will also be worked out, partly depending on the number of participants in the summer course and their interests.

ACCOMODATION and MEALS

Accommodation will be provided for all participants, in the neighbourhood of the university. The fees include the rent for the room from Friday 20 August till Monday September 13th. Earlier arrival is possible subject to prior arrangement. As a rule, the use of the room cannot be extended beyond Monday 13 September.

However, a room cannot be guaranteed if payment did not reach us before the end of July.

Breakfast is not served.

For lunch and/or dinner meal tickets are available for various kinds of restaurants in the immediate neighbourhood of the university. Prices are between 5 and 8 € for a full meal, including one drink. The welcome lunch on Tuesday 24 August is included.

FEES

The fees for the summer course are 650 €. They include access to the lectures and special sessions, to the library and computer facilities, accommodation and some limited documentation.

Meals are not included, except a welcome lunch on Tuesday 24 August and the food offered at an 'Indian night' on Tuesday 7 September.

For those who would not need accommodation the fees are 500 €.

Fees have to be paid on the account 210-0680761-67 (at the Fortis Bank) of the Katholieke Universi­teit Brussel, Vrijheidslaan 17, B-1081 Brussels, mentioning "Summer Course LT", preferably before July 1st.

For payments received after 31 July accommodation can not be guaranteed.

 

Copyright by European Association for the Teaching of Legal Theory